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REGIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT PAMUKKALE



City was strung out on either side of a long colonnaded street called the Plateia. It is paved with huge blocks of limestone. The first structure one encounters on reaching the plateau is the city baths, which are in a very good state of preservation. Hierapolis is among the cities of the ancient world in which the grid-plan was applied. Hierapolis gives the impression of a large cemetery which, although the tombs have been visited by robbers, very large numbers of the structures and also the vessels are still in place; only the tomb gates (presumably of bronze or iron) and decorations have disappeared. The remains of a huge 2C AD Roman Bath serves today as a small archeological museum with local finds.

Located 20 kilometers from the town of Denizli, Pamukkale is one of the most interesting places in the world, justly famous not only for the entrancing beauty of its unique geological formations but also for its historical remains.The city was on the borders of Caria, Lycia and Phrygia and had a mixed population. The calcium oxide-rich waters flowing down the southern slope of Çaldag located north of the ruins have, over the millennia, built up deposits of white travertine on the plateau. The terraces were formed by running warm spring water, at a temperature of 35 °C / 102 °F containing calcium bicarbonate. When the water loses its carbon dioxide it leaves limestone deposits. These are of different colors and shapes in the form of terraces with pools, overhanging surfaces and fascinating stalactite formations.






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