Pamukkale travertines
Pamukkale travertines
Pamukkale Hieropolis
Necropolis at Hieropolis, Pamukkale
Pamukkale travertines and valley
Pamukkale travertines overlooking the valley
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It is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites meaning "Cotton Castle" in Turkish. You will understand the reason behind this sweet name when you see the breathtaking white travertines built by carbonate minerals carried by hot water which springs from the plateau where Pamukkale stands. It is one of the most important stops for all visitors traveling to Turkey. As it is located at 19 km from a modern day Turkish city, Denizli, and since it is easily acessible, tours from Istanbul, Izmir and some other destinations are available all year long. Night stops are no problem. There are many hotels in Pamukkale to accomodate visitors coming from all over the world.

This beatiful example of a natural spa center once known as the city of Hierapolis which was built around 200 BC by Eumenes II, the King of Pergamon, later became a Roman thermal bath center city. Today the ruins of Hierapolis lies above the travertines that overlook the magnificent Curuksu valley at an altitude of 360 meters. The whole structure which has been formed through thousands of years stands like a fairy tale waiting to be touched, examined and enjoyed. It is also believed that the hot water springs of Pamukkale have some curing and beautifying powers but just don't get carried away with the amazing looks of the travertines, there is lot to see in Hierapolis too:

The sacred pool lies on the hot water source supplying the carbonate minerals to the travetines. It means it is a historical swim on top of a pool base which consist two tousand years old ruins, marble columns and stones.

Necropolis the city of death, the best preserved cemetery containing thousands of graves. Being a holly city, Hierapolis was also a great graveyard for the people who wanted to spend their last days in the thermal center. Their last wish was to be buried there.

The Collonade street, the main street of Hierapolis which is a mile long and is designed to feature precise intersection points, a good evidence for the city planning ability of these people, helps us to visualize the deep, rich, colorful history of this holy city

Roman theater with a seating capacity of 10,000 that was built by Emperor Hadrian in 2nd century AD. It can comptete with the one of Ephesus and some claim it has better acoustics. To get to Ephesus from Pamukkale you can use bus and local minibus services or use a private Izmir Airport Transfer .